After Patriarch Nikon of Moscow reformed the Russian Orthodox Church during the second half of the 17th century, a large number of Old Believers held that Peter the Great , the Tsar of the Russian Empire until his death in , was the Antichrist because of his treatment of the Orthodox Church, namely subordinating the church to the state, requiring clergymen to conform to the standards of all Russian civilians shaved beards, being fluent in French , and requiring them to pay state taxes.
Following frequent use of "Antichrist" laden rhetoric during religious controversies in the 17th century, the use of the concept declined during the 18th century due to the rule of enlightened absolutists , who as European rulers of the time wielded significant influence over official state churches.
Antichrist - Wikipedia
These efforts [ further explanation needed ] to cleanse Christianity of "legendary" or "folk" accretions effectively removed the Antichrist from discussion in mainstream Western churches. In Mormonism , the "Antichrist" is anyone or anything that counterfeits the true gospel or plan of salvation and that openly or secretly is set up in opposition to Christ. The great antichrist is Lucifer , but he has many assistants  both as spirit beings and as mortals. The Western Roman Empire collapsed in the late 5th century.
In , Justinian I , the emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire which historians have labelled the Byzantine Empire , legally recognized the bishop pope of Rome as the head of all the Christian churches. In , Belisarius , one of Justinian's generals, succeeded in withstanding a siege of the city of Rome by Arian Ostrogoth besiegers, and the bishop of Rome could begin establishing universal civil authority.
So, by the military intervention of the Eastern Roman Empire, the bishop of Rome became all-powerful throughout the area of the old Roman Empire.
Seventh-day Adventists understand the days as lasting AD to as the supposed duration of the papacy's domination over Rome. White — spoke of the Catholic Church as a fallen church in preparation for its nefarious eschatological role as the antagonist against God's true church; she saw the pope as the Antichrist. Protestant reformers such as Martin Luther, John Knox, William Tyndale and others held similar beliefs about the Catholic Church and the papacy when they broke away from the Catholic Church during the Reformation.
His word has given warning of the impending danger; let this be unheeded, and the Protestant world will learn what the purposes of Rome really are, only when it is too late to escape the snare. She is silently growing into power. Her doctrines are exerting their influence in legislative halls, in the churches, and in the hearts of men. She is piling up her lofty and massive structures in the secret recesses of which her former persecutions will be repeated. Stealthily and unsuspectedly she is strengthening her forces to further her own ends when the time shall come for her to strike.
All that she desires is vantage ground, and this is already being given her. We shall soon see and shall feel what the purpose of the Roman element is. Whoever shall believe and obey the word of God will thereby incur reproach and persecution. Seventh-day Adventists view the length of time the apostate church's unbridled power was permitted to rule as shown in Daniel "The little horn would rule a time and times and half a time" - or 1, years. They regard papal rule as supreme in Europe from when the Arian Ostrogoths retreated from Rome into temporary oblivion until when the French general Louis-Alexandre Berthier took Pope Pius VI captive —a period of 1, years  - including the 67 years of the Avignon Captivity Devout Christian and political theorist Martin Wight , writing immediately after World War Two, favoured the revival of the Antichrist doctrine; not as a person, but as a recurrent situation featuring 'demonic concentrations of power'.
The Antichrist has been equated with the "man of lawlessness" or "lawless one" of 2 Thessalonians , though commentaries on the identity of the "man of lawlessness" greatly vary. Some scholars believe that the passage contains no genuine prediction, but represents a speculation of the apostle's own, based on contemporary ideas of the Antichrist. Several American evangelical and fundamentalist theologians, including Cyrus Scofield, have identified the Antichrist as being in league with or the same as several figures in the Book of Revelation including the Dragon or Serpent , the Beast, the False Prophet, and the Whore of Babylon.
They believe a loving Christ would not view anyone as an enemy. Bernard McGinn described multiple traditions detailing the relationship between the Antichrist and Satan. In the dualist approach, Satan will become incarnate in the Antichrist, just as God became incarnate in Jesus. However, in Orthodox Christian thought, this view was problematic because it was too similar to Christ's incarnation. Instead, the "indwelling" view became more accepted.
It stipulates that the Antichrist is a human figure inhabited by Satan, since the latter's power is not to be seen as equivalent to God's. There are warnings against false prophets in the Hebrew Bible , but no personal anti-Messiah figure. A parodic anti-Messiah type figure known as Armilus , said to be the offspring of Satan and a virgin , appears in some non-legalistic, philosophical schools of Jewish eschatology , such as the 7th century CE Sefer Zerubbabel and 11th century CE Midrash Vayosha also: " Midrash wa-Yosha ".
He is described as "a monstrosity, bald-headed, with one large and one small eye, deaf in the right ear and maimed in the right arm, while the left arm is two and one-half ells long. Absent in the Quran, this figure developed within the formative stages , probably influenced by Christian eschatological ideas.
Like in Christianity, the Dajjal is said to emerge in the east, although the specific location varies among the sources. As a figure similar to the Antichrist, he will try to imitate the miracles performed by Jesus, such as healing the sick and raising the dead, the latter done with aid of demons Shayatin.
He will deceive many people, such as weavers, magicians, half-castes and children of prostitutes, but the majority of his followers will be Jews. Depicting the Jews as the most loyal supporters of the Dajjal is probably a remnant from Christian Antichrist legends. But eventually the Dajjal will be killed by 'Isa Jesus , who will causing him to dissolve by just looking at him. As such, Ahmadis identify the Antichrist collectively with the missionary expansion and colonial dominance of European Christianity throughout the world that was propelled by the Industrial Revolution. The Antichrist is considered to subvert the religion of God from the inner reality of man as 'Abdu'l-Baha narrates: "Christ was a divine Center of unity and love.
Whenever discord prevails instead of unity, wherever hatred and antagonism take the place of love and spiritual fellowship, Antichrist reigns instead of Christ.
On February , the Christian Russian philosopher and mystic Vladimir Solovyov published the apocalyptic A Short Tale of the Antichrist , showing his prophetic vision about the incoming 20th century and the end of the human history  . The antichrist is prophetized as a lawyer which will present himself to the whole humanity like a pacifist , ecologist and ecumenist , "will convoke an ecumenical council and will seek the consensus of all the Christian confessions, granting something to each one.
The dictionary definition of antichrist at Wiktionary Quotations related to antichrist at Wikiquote Media related to Antichrist at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Antichrist disambiguation. See also: List of people claimed to be Jesus. Contrasting beliefs. The Millennium. Biblical texts. Key terms. See also: Early Christianity. See also: First seven Ecumenical Councils. Main article: Man of sin. Maitreya Three Ages. Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats.
EXPOSING THE SPIRIT OF MAMMON: Deception in the Last Days pt. 5
Four Horsemen Antichrist. Historicism Futurism. Second Coming Islamic eschatology. Kalki Kali Yuga Shiva. Death Resurrection Last Judgement. Messianism Book of Daniel Kabbalah. Li Hong. Frashokereti Saoshyant. End times Apocalypticism. Millenarianism Last Judgment. Gog and Magog Messianic Age. Main article: List of fictional Antichrists.
The Blue Letter Bible. Retrieved Translated by John A. Edited by Philip Schaff.
Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. Related terms as noted by the Catholic Encyclopedia include: antibasileus - a king who fills an interregnum ; antistrategos - a propraetor ; anthoupatos - a proconsul ; antitheos - in Homer , one resembling a god in power and beauty in other works it stands for a hostile god. Against this background it can be seen that the technical Greek term antichristos , although it is known only from Christian … Antichristos first occurs in the Johannine epistles, and it is not used by other Greek Jewish or early Christian writings From Josephus's writings we collect, first of all, without much critical comment, some statements showing the close affinity of the … nowhere in his extensive accounts of the Jewish—Roman war uses the word "pseudo-Christ" pseudochristos.
Ada, Michigan: Baker Academic. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishers. The Bible and the Future.
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Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Whereas Berkouwer states, "There is no reason to posit with certainty on the basis of the New Testament that the antichrist Leiden, Netherlands: William B. Eerdmans Publishing. Finally, Hartog notes that the Johannine Letters are the only NT writings to use the term "antichrist" 1 Jn , 22; ; 2 Jn 7 and Polycarp is also the only Apostolic Father to use the term. He notes "Thus, the tests of 'density' and 'singularity' Washington, D. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. The fullest exposition of the ideas associated with the antichrist in the early decades of Christian history is to be found in the Ascension of Isaiah.
In this we are told that "Beliar" Belial would enter into "the matricide king" Nero , who would work great wonders and do much evil. Christian Classics Ethereal Library. June 1, Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved June 18, Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 18 June Augustine ". Antichrist in the Middle Ages. Seattle: U of Washington P. American Benedictine Review. Translated by Emerton, Ephraim.
Spring Renaissance Quarterly. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press 61 : 26— The Methodist Review. New York City: J.